DLA Piper Intelligence

Data Protection
Laws of the World

Breach Notification

There is no specific requirement set out in the DPL obliging a Licensee to inform the CPQ in the event of a breach. Licensees are required to inform the Customer Protection Unit (within CPQ) on a periodic basis of any security incidents.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Law
UAE - Dubai Health Care City Free Zone
Note: Please also see UAE – General, UAE – DIFC, UAE – ADGM.

The Dubai Healthcare City ("DHCC"), a healthcare free zone in Dubai, implemented DHCC Health Data Protection Regulation No 7 of 2013  (which repealed and replaces the DHCC Data Protection regulation No. 7 of 2008) ("HDPR").

The HDPR regulates the protection of Patient Health Information, as opposed 'personal data'.

Note that as opposed to the ICT Health Law, which applies to entities across the UAE, including within freezones such as the DHCC (please see UAE – General), the DHCC HDPR only applies to those entities licensed within the DHCC and to patient information generated and stored therein.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Definitions

Definition of Patient Health Information

Information about a patient, whether spoken, written, or in the form of an Electronic Record, that is created or received by any Licensee, that relates to the physical or mental health or condition of the patient, including the reports from any diagnostic procedures and information related to the payment for services.

Definition of Licensee

A Licensed Healthcare Professional, Licensed Complementary and Alternative Medicine Professional, a Licensed Healthcare Operator, an Approved Education Operator, an Approved Research Operator, a Licensed Commercial Company, or a Non-Clinical Operating Permit Holder; (essentially a healthcare professional working in the DHCC with access to Patient Health Information).

Definition of Process, Processed, Processes and Processing

Any operation or set of operations which is performed on Patient Health Information, whether or not by automatic means such as collection, recording, organization, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment, erasure or destruction.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Authority

The DHCC Board of Directors and the Executive Body of the Dubai Healthcare City Authority ("DHCA") are responsible for ensuring proper administration the HDPR and any Rules, Standards and Policies made under the HDPR.

The Centre for Healthcare Planning and Quality is responsible for the compliance and enforcement of the HDPR ("CPQ").

Dubai Healthcare City Authority - Regulatory
Tel: +971-4-3838300
Fax: +971-4-3838300
info@dhcr.gov.ae

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Registration

Not applicable.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Data Protection Officers

There is a requirement for each Licensee, to have one or more Data Protection Officers. The responsibilities of the Data Protection Officers include the encouragement of compliance by the Licensee with the HDPR; dealing with requests made to the Licensee under the HDPR; and otherwise ensuring compliance by the Licensee with the provisions of the HDPR (section 40 HDPR).

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Collection & Processing

Patient Health Information is not permitted to be collected by any Licensee, unless it is for a lawful purpose, and the collection is necessary for that purpose (article 27 HDPR). However, the meaning of lawful purpose is not defined in the HDPR.

The Patient Health Information should be collected from the patient directly, unless the Lisensee believes on reasonable grounds that:

  • the Patient concerned authorizes Collection of the information from someone else having been made aware of the matters set out in section 29(1);

  • the Patient is unable to give his authority, and the Licensee having made the Patient’s Representative aware of the matters set out in section 29(1) Collects the Patient Health Information from the Representative or the Representative authorizes Collection from someone else;

  • compliance would prejudice the: (i) interests of the Patient; or (ii) purposes of collection; or (iii) safety of any individual;

  • compliance is not reasonably practicable in the circumstances of the particular case;

  • the Collection is for the purpose of assembling a family or genetic history of a Patient and is collected directly from that Patient and/or the Patient’s Representative;

  • the Patient Health Information is Publicly Available Information;

  • the Patient Health Information: (i) shall not be used in a form in which the Patient is identified; (ii) shall be used for statistical purposes and shall not be published in a form that could reasonably be expected to identify the Patient; or (iii) shall be used for research purposes (for which approval by an ethics committee, if required, has been given) and shall not be published in a form that could reasonably be expected to identify the Patient; or

  • non-compliance is necessary: (i) to avoid prejudice to the maintenance of the law including the prevention, detection, investigation, prosecution, and punishment of offences; (ii) for the conduct of proceedings before any court or tribunal (being proceedings that have been commenced or are reasonably in contemplation) (section 28 HDPR).
Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Transfer

Patient Health Information may only be transferred to a third party located in a jurisdiction outside DHCC if (1) an adequate level of protection for that Patient Health Information is ensured by the laws and regulations that are applicable to the third party; and (2) the transfer is either: (a) authorized by the Patient; or (b) necessary for the ongoing provision of Healthcare Services to the Patient.

A jurisdiction shall be considered to have an adequate level of protection if that jurisdiction is listed as an acceptable jurisdiction under the Dubai International Financial Center Data Protection Law No. 1 of 2007, or has the written approval of the Central Governance Board.

The DHCC Healthcare Data Protection Regulation of 2008 contained a provision which permitted the transfer of Patient Heath Information to a jurisdiction without adequate protection, if a permit was sought. However, this was removed under the HDPL and the Central Government Board does not have the power to issue permits in respect of transfer to jurisdictions without an adequate level of protection.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Security

A Licensee is responsible for the security of its information systems and networks and should act in a timely and co-operative manner to prevent, detect and respond to security incidents. A Licensee is further required review and assess the security of information systems and networks and make appropriate modifications to security policies, practices, measure and procedures on a regular basis. Any security incidents must be disclosed to the CPU on a periodic basis.

A Licensee that holds Patient Health Information must maintain the security of the Patient Health Information, ensuring it is stored in a way that can be readily retrieved and easy removed or shared, as well as protecting the accuracy of the information. A Licensee if further responsible for ensuring reasonable safeguards are put in place to protect the Patient Health Information from loss, destruction, potential fire / water damage, tampering, theft, unauthorized access, use, modification, or disclosure (section 31, HDPR).

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Breach Notification

There is no specific requirement set out in the DPL obliging a Licensee to inform the CPQ in the event of a breach. Licensees are required to inform the Customer Protection Unit (within CPQ) on a periodic basis of any security incidents.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Enforcement

The CPQ is responsible for the compliance and enforcement of the HDPR and may delegate its powers and duties to any appropriate committee(s) constituted by it or to appropriate person(s) appointed by it (section 42 HDPR).

The powers, duties and functions of CPQ include: (a) conducting an audit of Patient Health Information when requested by a Licensee for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not the information is maintained in accordance with the HDPR; (b) monitoring the use of Personal Identifiers, and to reporting to the Executive Body from time to time on the results of that monitoring, including any recommendations relating to the need for, or desirability of taking regulatory, administrative, or other action to give protection, or better protection, to the Patient or the Licensee; and (c) monitoring compliance with the HDPR.

CPQ may require a Licensee to produce ospecififed information or documents when requested in writing, in relation to the Processing of Patient Helath Information of a complaint about an Interference with Patient Health Information. If the Licensee does not comply with the request, the CPQ may impose a Penalty as set out in a list to be published by the DHCA from time to time (section 42).

It does not appear that the DHCA have produced any further information on the penalties that apply in relation to a breach of HDPR. It is unclear how any breaches of the HDPR will be dealt with in the DHCC.

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Electronic Marketing

The HDPR does not contain specific provisions relating to electronic or direct marketing. 

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Online Privacy

The HDPR does not contain specific provisions relating to online privacy, however, the broad provisions detailed above are likely to apply. In addition, as UAE criminal law applies in the DHCC, the privacy principles laid out therein may apply (see UAE – General).

Last modified 21 Jan 2021
Contacts
Eamon Holley
Eamon Holley
Partner
T +971 4 438 6293
Alex Mackay
Alex Mackay
Associate
T +971 4 438 6160
Last modified 21 Jan 2021